Vineland Flint Glass Works

The Early Years

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

By Jim Davies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I have been collecting glass for about eight years now.  I recently have tried to narrow my collection to South Jersey style glass.  This has required a lot of
research but fortunately I live in this area and have met many people that are
related to those that worked the glass houses in the area.  The main problem I have had is with Vineland Flint Glass Works.  When I mention this company it is often assumed I mean Vineland Glass Works, which was owned and operated by August "Pop" Hofbauer founded in 1932.  If I mention Durand they think art glass or "Fancy Shop".  It is as if the early years, 1897 to 1924, did not exist.  It is these years I am going to try and address here.

In 1897 Victor Durand and his father started Vineland Flint Glass Works at the old Vineland Glass Manufacturing Company which was founded in 1892 but did not survive.  In 1899 Victor became the sole owner after buying out his fathers share of the company.  His father continued to work part time at the factory to train employees in different areas.  In 1904 the old glass works caught fire and was burned to the ground.  Victor, refusing to give up, rebuilt the factory out of brick to avoid this happening again. The glass works lasted until 1931, when
Victor died in an automobile accident.  The cause of his death was lose of blood due to the severe cuts he receive from the  glass windshield. At the time a merger with Kimble glass was in the works for a second time.  Victor's wife finalized the paper work and ended the existence of Vineland Flint Glass Works

Originally they blew lamp chimneys and bottles.  They then expanded into lab glass and tubing and eventually vacuum bottles.  In 1912 Vineland Flint and Kimble Glass merged to become the Kimble-Durand Glass Company, but the merger was ended in 1918.  In 1912 Ralph Barber came to work for Durand and became Superintendent of Vacuum blowing. 

In 1915 they were making bathroom fixtures, mainly out of opaque colored glass and opal.  It has been said there were many vases blown during this time, mainly out of the green glass, but I have yet to see one that can be documented.  This same color green glass was also used for many of the leaves in Ralph Barber's now famous rose paperweights. 1920 Vineland Flint Glass Works was one of the largest privately owned glass works, making glass tubing and thermos bottle
inserts in the country.   At that time they were producing over 10,000 pounds of glass tubing and 40,000 thermos bottles a day, and employed more than 700 workers!

From about 1910 through 1924 they produced tableware, which is now often
referred to as "Durand Commercial" glass.  Many of these pieces made in the Commercial line were also made in the Stretch glass line. Unfortunately there is very little information available on either one of these lines of glass to help document these pieces.  Some pieces have been found with original stickers still
attached, and this has helped in identification of other pieces as being Vineland Flint.  Other pieces have been verified through family history and can be of help to verify other pieces of Vineland Flint.  I am fortunate to own many of these bowls in the Commercial line. 

Photos of the bases of pieces have been taken and accurate measurements will be given to try and help others in finding and verifying pieces.  One company,
Fenton, has made some bowls with very similar bases to Vineland.  One of the first things I have learned to look at is the depth of the "kick-up" in the center of the base.  Even though the size, shape and mold marks (seams) may appear very similar at first look, the depth in the center of the base is often quite a bit deeper on most Vineland pieces.  Even though the measurements I am showing were taken by a micrometer you may find a variance caused by the shrinkage of the glass after removed from the mold.  This difference should be very little for the base.    One other thing that seems t be quite common in Vineland Flint glass are scratch marks on the bases of bowls and candlesticks.  This was due to the
workers having a problem getting the glass out of the molds.  These marks are also common on the bases (stands) for the bowls.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ambergris pieces,

Commercial pieces made from, also referred to as tableware

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Candlesticks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glass I have for sale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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